The aim of our study was to examine the effects of exclusive versus non exclusive breastfeeding on specific infant morbidities from birth to nine months, in conakry, guinea. Breastfeeding exclusively for the first 2 weeks promotes adequate milk production. Working mothers can continue exclusive breastfeeding by expressing breastmilk at work and at home. Jul 30, 2017 as the world breastfeeding week comes up on august 1 to 7, the need for nursing mothers to lay a healthy foundation for their babies growth through exclusive breastfeeding for the first six. The duration of exclusive breastfeeding as given by the who is 6 months after birth. The early months of your babys life are essential to longterm development. The early practices supporting breastfeeding are well practiced with rate of exclusive breastfeeding reaching 63. It ensures optimal nutrition, reduced morbidity and mortality due to infections, and delayed return of fertility for family planning. Exclusive breastfeeding is the process of feeding a newborn baby exclusively with breast milk and no other supplement.
Improving exclusive breastfeeding practices unicef. In particular, exclusive breastfeeding duration has. Pdf perceptions and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in. Breastfeeding has many health benefits for both the mother and infant. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers. We want to encourage exclusivity because it is linked to longer duration and because breast milk is the healthiest way to feed an infant. Exclusive breastfeeding ebf in infants aged under six months is one of the optimal infant and young child feeding practices. Why breastfeeding is important after completing this session participants will be able to. Consider working together with your partner to fill out this breastfeeding plan pdf, 174kb.
Exclusive breastfeeding eb means that an infant receives only breast milk from his or her mother or a wet nurse, or expressed breast milk, and no other liquids or solids, with the exception of oral rehydration solution, drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, minerals supplements or medicines. Improving exclusive breastfeeding rates the guardian. Health benefits of exclusive breastfeeding the guardian. Not all breastfeeding is the same, and the differences are important. Data from the kenya demographic health survey kdhs show that in 2003, the exclusive breastfeeding rates stood at. Breastfeeding decreases the risk for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, breast cancer and ovarian cancer. Exclusive breastfeeding frequently asked questions faq. After that, breastfeeding is recommended for up to a. Infants must thereafter receive complementary baby food along with breast milk for up to 2 years of age.
The breastfeeding duration after 2 years depends entirely on the mother and the baby. Breastfeeding, lam, related complementary feeding, and maternal nutrition program, and was made possible through support provided to the academy for educational development aed by the bureau for global health of the. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life, with gradual introduc tion of solid foods after 6 months, is recognized as the preferred method of infant feeding. Exclusive breastfeeding rates and factors associated with.
Exclusive breastfeeding means that the infant receives only breast milk. Exclusive breastfeeding and nutritional status in bangladesh. Exclusive breast milk feeding definition what is the definition of exclusive breastfeeding in the hospital. Breastfeeding definitions and data collection periods. Sep 09, 20 the importance of exclusive breastfeeding for infants to survive, grow and develop properly they require the right proportion of nutrients. The importance of exclusive breastfeeding healthy newborn. Having realtime access to clinical staff in the hospital is an. American heart association advocacy department 1150 connecticut ave. If a child survives the first month of life exclusive breastfeeding goes a long way towards cancelling out the health difference between being born into poverty or being born into. Most most 100 effective breastfeeding relies on feeding in direct response to specific infant cues rather than scheduled frequency or duration of feedings.
Discusses the following issues related to exclusive breastfeeding from birth which is rarely measured. The purposes of the study were to assess exclusive breastfeeding practice and examine the factors effect on nutritional status of children from 0 to 24 months age. While breastfeeding beyond 6 months, a baby should receive foods with breast milk until the age of 2 or older. The effects of exclusive versus nonexclusive breastfeeding. Predictors of nonexclusive breastfeeding at 6 months among. In low and middleincome countries, just 4 per cent, or 1 in 25 babies, are never breastfed. Among its other known health benefits are some protection against common childhood infections and better survival during a babys first year, including a lower risk of sudden infant death. Breastfeeding experience differentially impacts recognition.
Data from a national survey entitled surveillance on breastfeeding and weaning situation and child and maternal health in bangladesh were used to investigate the exclusive breastfeeding practice and to examine. Expressed milk should be left covered in a clean container in. Exclusive breastfeeding is when a baby receives only breast milk, without any additional food or drinks, including water, until 6 months of age. Introduction the importance of breastfeeding is widely acknowledged and referred to in several other papers in the encyclopedia on early childhood development. Aug 06, 2014 though the country has noted an increase in the exclusive breastfeeding rates over the last decade, the numbers are still not enough. According to the world health organization who, ebf is feeding infants 0 5 months of age exclusively with breast milk including milk expressed or from a wet nurse.
Exclusive breast milk feeding is defined as a newborn receiving only breast milk and no other liquids or solids except for drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, minerals, or medicines. Exclusive breastfeeding for optimal growth, development and health of infants. Exclusive breastfeeding has been recognised as an important public health tool for the primary prevention of child morbidity and mortality. As the world breastfeeding week comes up on august 1 to 7, the need for nursing mothers to lay a healthy foundation for their babies growth through exclusive breastfeeding for the first six. Aug 02, 2014 a study of the perception on exclusive breastfeeding among postnatal mothers at legon hospital 1. Factors affecting the adoption of exclusive breastfeeding by. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Research shows that breastfeeding offers many health benefits for infants and mothers, as well as potential economic and environmental benefits for communities.
In lowincome communities, the cost of cows milk or. Some maternal conditions delay the onset of lactogenesis ii beyond 72 hours postbirth. Breastfeeding encyclopedia on early childhood development. The only water source young infants needfrequently asked questions is a publication of linkages. Better understanding of exclusive breastfeeding in the era of hivaids. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending a postnatal clinic s afr fam pract 20385 vol 55 no 4 introduction a key element in the response to the human immunodeficiency virus hiv epidemic is the prevention of mothertochild transmission pmtct programme, and specifically the infant feeding component. My breastfeeding plan breastmilk every ounce counts. In addition to its health and nutritional benefits, breastfeeding can save lowincome, food insecure mothers the cost of infant formula so that money can be spent on food and other necessities. This plan can be completed with your doctor, your babys doctor or the hospital staff. Breastfeeding promotion interventions and breastfeeding. Apr 19, 2020 the role of prenatal food insecurity on breastfeeding behaviors. Read this essay on research on exclusive breastfeeding. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Increasing initiation and exclusivity of breastfeeding quality outcomes from exclusive breastfeeding for mother and infants have been investigated nationally and internationally centers for disease control cdc, 2011.
Breastfeeding health benefits for mother and chil d. Pdf importance of exclusive breastfeeding and complementary. Breastfed infants receive benefits that can improve. Introducing other food or luids can cause problems for breastfeeding and your babys health. Exclusive breastfeeding ebf has been reported to be the best way of feeding infants from birth to 6 months of age. Exclusive breastfeeding practices reported by mothers and the. We think it is important to investigate the relationship between these breastfeeding practices and infant morbidities in the guinean context. The benefits of breastfeeding teresa baker md associate professor department of obstetrics and gynecology residency program director texas tech university health. Supporting breastfeeding during the hospital stay is ideal for a number of reasons. Exclusive breastfeeding means that you give your baby only breast milk which means no water, food or formula supplement. Exclusive breastfeeding ebf for the first six months of life, without adding any other foods or liquids including water, is a natural and irreplaceable way to promote healthy growth and development of infants. Every mother who chooses to exclusively breastfeed her baby for the first six months is doing the best thing she can to help her baby grow and stay healthy. Expressed milk should be left covered in a clean container in a cool place, to be fed from a cup while the mother is away. December 31, 2012 page 1 breastfeeding definitions and data collection periods introduction.
Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding practice among mothers of children aged less than six. Facilitating improved nutrition for pregnant and lactating women, and children 05 years of age cites some of the best literature on the relationship between breastfeeding and maternal and child health, including the. Though the country has noted an increase in the exclusive breastfeeding rates over the last decade, the numbers are still not enough. Infants exclusively breastfed for 4 or more months have. Improving exclusive breastfeeding practices by using communication for development breastfeeding is a natural safety net against the worst effects of poverty.
The duration and volume needed when supplemental feedings are indicated will usually determine the method used. Breast milk is rich in nutrients and antibodies and contains the right quantities of fat, sugar, water and protein. We know very little about what benefits it may confer 4. Consequently, the who and unicef have recommended exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after delivery, followed by. Because of the demonstrated benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, in 2001 the who recommended that infants should. For example, rates of exclusive facts breastfeeding health benefits for mother and chil d promoting sound lactation policies in the u.
Initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour of life. No other liquids or solids are given not even water with the exception of oral rehydration solution, or drops. From the moment your baby is born, you give your newborn only colostrumbreastmilk and no other liquids or solids 2 formula, glucose water, infant cereal, or foods. In highincome countries, 21 per cent of babies, or more than 1 in 5, never receive breastmilk. The study explored perceptions and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding ebf among rural women in zimbabwe. Breast milk contains all the nutrients an infant needs in the first six months of life. A collaborative, comprehensive and detailed feeding. A study of prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding from birth, in rakai, uganda. Increasing initiation and exclusivity of breastfeeding in the. The importance of exclusive breastfeeding for infants to survive, grow and develop properly they require the right proportion of nutrients. Breastfeeding is a dynamic process that is characterised by physical, hormonal and psychosocial effects in both mothers and infants 1,2,3.
Breastfeeding, initiated within the first hour of birth, provided exclusively for. There are special challenges for certain parts of the population. Breastfeeding protects against diarrhoea and common childhood illnesses such as pneumonia. Exclusive breastfeeding rates in kenya still low social. Numerous projects are ongoing in institutions to encourage women. A descriptive cross sectional design was used with 490 participants 146 men and 344 women. Exclusive breastfeeding practice and its association among mothers. Breastfeeding is an unequaled method of providing the ideal food and nutrition for the healthy growth and development of babies. Nov 28, 2014 exclusive breastfeeding is what it sounds like. The role of prenatal food insecurity on breastfeeding behaviors. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life is the optimal way to feed infants. According to the world health organization who, ebf is feeding infants 0 5 months of age exclusively with breast milk including milk expressed or. Exclusive breastfeeding prenatal education breast milk is all your baby needs for the irst six months of life babies need no other food or luid, including water.
Advantages and disadvantages of exclusive breastfeeding. The aim of our study was to examine the effects of exclusive versus nonexclusive breastfeeding on specific infant morbidities from birth to nine months, in conakry, guinea. Factors affecting the adoption of exclusive breastfeeding by mothers in chelstone, lusaka chimuka nchimunya1, hikabasa halwindi2, mbewe allan2, hazemba alice2, kingford chimfwembe3 1 natural resource development college, department of food and nutrition. Pdf implications of exclusive breastfeeding from birth. Exclusive breastfeeding eb means that an infant receives only breast milk from his or her mother or a wet nurse, or expressed breast milk, and no other liquids or solids, with the exception of oral rehydration solution, drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, minerals supplements or. Improving exclusive breastfeeding practices by using communication for development in infant and young child feeding programmes 1 unicef c4d orientation webinar series 201112 if a child survives the first month of life exclusive breastfeeding goes a long way towards. Bungum university of nevada, las vegas abstract currently 16% of americans breastfeed their children for at least 12 months as recommended by the aap, which is well below the hp 2010 goal of 25%. The best physiological window of opportunity to stimulate lactation begins immediately after delivery, in the inpatient setting. The american academy of pediatrics and many other experts recommend exclusive breastfeeding until babies are six months old. Most of the mothers had good knowledge on the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding and the definitions of exclusive breastfeeding. It will help you set your breastfeeding goals and it will help your health care team understand what you need during and after delivery.583 1338 492 448 348 533 1290 379 269 9 988 1132 1117 880 952 559 972 928 433 684 493 482 863 882 1101 1184 438 589 1126 1095 678 985 382 978 799 960 1417